Oct. 17—The Maine Legislature was busy earlier this yr, passing 520 nonemergency payments, and 408 of these had been signed by the governor.
This is a fast look of a few of the most high-profile new legal guidelines going into impact on Monday.
RACIAL JUSTICE AND EQUITY
Impression statements: Maine’s Legislature will now must assess the affect of all newly proposed payments on on the state’s traditionally deprived populations, together with racial minorities.
Beneath the brand new legislation, legislative committees would have the authority to request and obtain information wanted to evaluate potential impacts from the implementation of recent laws. The change is one among a number of reforms ushered by by Rep. Rachel Talbot Ross, D-Portland, the assistant majority chief within the Home.
Racial profiling: Law enforcement officials in Maine will now be required to doc the race of drivers they detain for visitors stops as a part of an effort to find out the quantity of racial profiling that happens within the state.
The legislation was opposed by legislation enforcement, which contested it was requiring them to racial-profile and probably guess the race of a topic in a visitors cease. The change, nonetheless, is mirrored by comparable legal guidelines in dozens of different states.
Historical past classes: A brand new legislation requires all public colleges in Maine to incorporate classes on Black historical past particular to Maine. Classes additionally should embrace the subject of genocide.
SMOKE AND FIRE
Smoking: It is going to be unlawful to gentle up in public bus shelters.
Burning: One other new legislation eliminates a web-based burn allow system in Maine, changing it with a requirement that burn permits be issued in particular person.
Advantages: Veterans who had been discharged from the navy solely due to their sexual orientation or id will now be eligible to obtain advantages from the state’s Bureau of Veterans Providers. The legislation is a response to veterans who had been pressured to depart the the navy earlier than the coverage of Do not Ask, Do not Inform was overturned.
Taxes: One other new legislation eliminates the annual motorized vehicle excise tax for disabled Maine vets.
Money bail will now not be required for suspects of most minor crimes to be launched from jail.
The legislation change, which can be utilized to most Class E misdemeanor prices, is happening the books after a number of earlier makes an attempt by the Legislature. Class E crimes in Maine embrace disorderly conduct, theft underneath $1,000 and working a motorized vehicle on a suspended license.
The legislation doesn’t take away bail necessities for suspects charged with a Class E crime associated to home violence or sexual assault or misconduct. The legislation additionally doesn’t enable a suspect charged with a Class E offense for being in violation of circumstances of launch to go free with out bail a second time. It’s hoped the measure could assist ease a few of the points round staffing and crowding at Maine’s county jails.
Home violence: An individual charged with home violence assault can now be charged with aggravated home violence assault if the crime takes place within the presence of a kid.
Hate crime: A brand new hate crime legislation will go on the books permitting a extra serve penalty for these convicted of creating a false report back to legislation enforcement when the premise of the false report was motivated by an individual’s race or age.
A brand new legislation meant to guard youngsters from publicity to poisonous chemical substances restricts using carcinogenic artificial herbicides of glyphosate and dicamba inside 75 ft of a faculty constructing.
Bows and arrows: Beneath a brand new legislation for bow searching, archers could not discharge an arrow inside 100 yards of an occupied residence with out permission of a landowner. It additionally prohibits an individual from inflicting an arrow from a bow to go throughout the land of one other particular person and inside 100 yards of a constructing or residential dwelling on that land with out the permission of the proprietor or an grownup consultant of the proprietor.
Tagging sport: One other legislation happening the books might result in a system of permitting Maine hunters to tag large sport remotely by phoning of their kill data to a tagging station. The legislation requires the Division of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife to look at the follow and report its findings and proposals for laws again to the Legislature in January.
Narcan in colleges: A brand new legislation permits for the administration of non-injectable naloxone, recognized generally by its model identify Narcan, in private and non-private colleges in Maine underneath a collaborative follow settlement with a licensed doctor. The legislation would additionally enable using Narcan by a faculty nurse or different well being care skilled supplied administration of the drug is inside the well being care supplier’s scope of follow.