Immigration advocates say a brand new safety framework between the US and Mexico largely sidesteps thorny migratory points at a time of near-record arrivals on the two nations’ widespread border.
The framework, unveiled throughout Secretary of State Antony Blinken’s journey to Mexico Metropolis late final week, focuses on methods to fight drug trafficking, illicit firearms and cash laundering whereas addressing the extradition of criminals, amongst different safety matters.
Blinken, accompanied by two different U.S. Cupboard members, met with Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador and high Mexican officers. Lopez Obrador hailed a “new section” in bilateral relations whereas Blinken mentioned the 2 nations will work as equal companions in “defining and tightening” shared safety priorities.
Whereas the settlement goals to handle human trafficking and different legal offenses, it doesn’t lay out a plan to cope with hundreds of asylum-seekers arriving each day on the U.S.-Mexico border.
Immigration advocates welcomed the settlement, which is geared toward changing the Merida Initiative, a 2008 pact to struggle drug trafficking and arranged crime, however mentioned they wished extra consideration had been given to migration.
Oscar Chacon is the chief director of Alianza Americas, a U.S.-based migrant advocacy community.
Talking with VOA, Chacon mentioned, “The connection with Mexico positively has a number of implications above and past issues of migratory flows.
“However with that mentioned and given how a lot of a excessive profile the difficulty of migration [has], I believe it’s, on the very least, unwise to not sort out problems with migration in a gathering like that.”
Chacon mentioned he hoped to listen to extra on migratory points from Homeland Safety Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas, who accompanied Blinken to Mexico Metropolis.
“Mexican and U.S. officers have mentioned up to now that migration shouldn’t be essentially the place to start the dialog in regards to the relationship between the 2 nations. [But] the very fact of the matter is that it’s a central concern. When you do not wish to acknowledge that, that is an act of negligence,” Chacon mentioned.
Immigration did come up a minimum of on the periphery of Blinken’s journey.
“U.S. immigration legislation, in fact, stays in impact. We’re persevering with to work very intently with Mexico to advertise a protected, orderly and humane course of alongside the shared border, and to handle the myriad challenges of irregular migration,” the secretary of state mentioned in Mexico.
Consideration was refocused on migration to the U.S.-Mexico border final month when hundreds of Haitian asylum seekers gathered on the border city of Del Rio, Texas.
During the last yr, lots of of hundreds of individuals, largely from Central and South America and the Caribbean, have traveled by means of Mexico to succeed in the U.S. southern border looking for humanitarian aid.
The Biden administration maintains U.S.-Mexico session and cooperation on migration is already in place and strong, and subsequently didn’t must be a spotlight of the brand new framework stemming from what has been termed the Excessive-Stage Safety Dialogue (HLSD) between the 2 nations.
“We have already got a robust partnership with Mexico on migration with ongoing, frequent engagement, together with at extraordinarily excessive ranges,” a State Division spokesperson wrote in an electronic mail to VOA. “We’re working with Mexico on the foundation causes of irregular migration and the humane administration of borders and ports to make sure the security of migrants and the safety of the U.S. southern border. Whereas some features of border safety cooperation underneath the HLSD will have an effect on migration, a brand new channel of engagement was pointless.”
The Biden administration has pledged to sort out the foundation causes of mass migration to America’s borders by addressing poverty and strengthening establishments in Central American nations and elsewhere.
Republicans contend the administration prompted the border disaster by undoing most of the hardline immigration insurance policies of former President Donald Trump. Among the many ills for which they blame Biden is a spike in drug trafficking throughout the U.S.-Mexico border at a time of surging drug overdose deaths in the US.
Drug overdoses, nevertheless, have been on the rise within the U.S. since 2019.
Trump was in workplace from January 2017 till January 2021.
Reacting to Blinken’s Mexico Metropolis journey, former Secretary of State Mike Pompeo tweeted, “Biden Mexico coverage reaching new information. File unlawful immigration, report overdose deaths in the US, report homicides in Mexico. They are saying we should get to ‘root trigger.’ I agree. Root trigger = Biden Administration weak point.”