A. Scenario evaluation
Description of the catastrophe
Following Haiti’s 14 August 2021 earthquake, america suspended deportations of Haitians in irregular conditions.
Nevertheless, the gathering and entry into america of a number of thousand individuals, primarily Haitians, from Mexico modified the state of affairs. As soon as in U.S. territory, roughly 15,000 individuals remained in an improvised camp situated beneath the Del Rio Worldwide Bridge within the city of the identical identify within the U.S. state of Texas.
Based mostly on U.S. Division of Homeland Safety (DHS) figures, between 19 and 29 September, roughly 4,600 Haitian migrants have been deported on 43 flights to Port-au-Prince and Cap-Hatien. In addition to deportation, 5,000 individuals had been transferred to detention centres , others had been offered transportation to giant cities within the state of Texas with the initiation of immigration procedures for over 12,000 individuals.
For the latter, migrants from Haiti are required to report back to U.S. migration authorities in 60 days to begin asylum and different authorized procedures. Some Haitian migrants additionally returned to Mexican territory.
Lots of these deported to Haiti between 19 and 22 September are from North, Northeast, Northwest, and Artibonite departments. Earlier than arriving on the U.S.-Mexican border, a few of these Haitians lived for a number of years in Chile and Brazil till the financial downturn associated to the COVID-19 pandemic led to the present wave of migration.
With the context of the pandemic, there may be concern concerning the additional unfold of COVID-19 in Haiti and the impression on the nation’s weak well being system. For instance, the Haitian Nationwide Workplace of Migration (ONM) reported that on the September 22 flight to Cap-Hatien that repatriated 83 males, three examined constructive for COVID-19 following fast screening assessments carried out by well being professionals upon arrival. As of September 29, Haiti experiences 21,647 confirmed circumstances of COVID-19 with 610 deaths; Haiti has the bottom COVID-19 vaccination price within the Americas with 64,799 vaccine doses administered in a inhabitants of 11.4 million inhabitants.
There are almost 19,000 migrants, largely Haitians, in Colombia ready to enter Panama and who will try to enter the U.S. 7 Different media shops even put the estimated variety of individuals on the border between 20,000 and 30,000 with a chance of accelerating. .